The Basics of Tooth Extraction

Even though permanent teeth are meant to last for a lifetime, there can be times when tooth extraction may be the only option left. The most common reason to perform an extraction is trauma or decay to the tooth that leads to severe damage. Apart from this, other factors may include:

Infection: If damage reaches the pulp, there is a possibility of the tooth getting badly infected. Such problems can normally be rectified with root canal therapy, but in case the damage is so severe that medication or root canal does not treat it, extraction is the only option left.

Periodontal disease:  Gum diseases can make the teeth loose and brittle; in such circumstances pulling the projections may be the only option.

A crowded mouth: At times, dentists extract your teeth to get the mouth ready for orthodontia. The objective of orthodontia is to align the projections properly, which is not possible if the teeth are too big for the mouth. Similarly, if a tooth cannot erupt due to lack of room, the dental expert may advise an extraction.

What to expect during a Tooth Extraction procedure?

Oral surgeons and dentists are specifically trained to perform tooth extractions. Before starting the procedure, the experts will inject a local anesthetic to numb the section where the tooth has to be removed. In case someone’s getting several teeth removed or if their tooth is impacted, the dentist may make use of a stronger general anesthetic. This helps prevent pain and keep the patient relaxed throughout the procedure.

Extraction Process:

  1. If a tooth is damaged, the dental expert will cut away the bone and gum tissues, then grasp the tooth with forceps and softly rock it back and forth to release it from the ligaments and jaw bone. Sometimes, a tooth with crooked roots has to be separated in pieces.
  2. Once the impacted tooth has been taken out, a clot of blood usually forms in the socket. The expert will place gauze pads in the area and make the patient bite them down to help stop the bleeding. At times the expert may also have to stitch the gum edges.
  3. In certain cases, the clot in the socket tends to rupture, exposing the bone. This is an extremely painful condition and if it happens, the dentist will place a dressing on the socket for a couple of days to guard it.

When should you call a dentist?

It is normal to feel pain once the effects of anesthesia wear off. For a day after having a tooth extracted, you must also expect some residual bleeding and swelling. However, if the pain is too much or the bleeding doesn’t stop in a few hours, you must call a dentist. You should also talk to a dental expert if you face any of these symptoms:

  1. Vomiting or nausea
  2. Signs of infection
  3. Swelling, redness, or discharge from the operated area
  4. Chest pain, cough or severe vomiting

The time taken for the wound to heal is about two weeks. New gum and bone tissues will generate into the gap gradually. However, for long term health and to ensure that teeth don’t shift, your dentist will advise you to get your tooth replaced with a fixed bridge, implant, or denture.

If you or your loved one is suffering from an impacted tooth and require extraction, then get in touch with your nearest dentist. This dentistry offers a soothing environment and is committed to making the client feel absolutely comfortable when undergoing the extraction.

The dentists here can answer any query you may have regarding techniques used to improve your smile. After analyzing the current state of your teeth and desired results, he will decide the best treatment for you.

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