According to Ayurveda, Prakruti, which means innate character, physical constitution or disposition of a person , plays an important role in comprehending the physical and mental characteristics. With the changing social and cultural environment our behavioral aspect also gets affected but the most important fact is that our basic constitution remains constant throughout our lives , just as our blood group does not change ever. It is inculcated in the basic body constitution and character of an individual.
According to Ayurveda, the human body is composed of derivatives of these five basic elements, in the form of doshas, tissues (dhatus) and waste products (malas).
The most fundamental and characteristic principle of Ayurveda is called “tridosha” or the Three Humours. Doshas are the physiological factors of the body. They are to be seen as all pervasive, subtle entities, and are categorized into vata, pitta and kapha.
Vata regulates movement and is represented by the nervous system.
Pitta is the principle of biotransformation and is the cause of all metabolic processes in the body.
Kapha is the principle of cohesion and functions through the body fluids.
Together, these three doshas determine the physiologic constitution of an individual.Health is described as a balance of all three doshas (bodily Humours).
The tissues are classified into seven categories: Rasa(plasma), Rakta (blood cells),Mansa ( muscular tissue), Meda (adipose tissue), Asthi (bony tissue), Majja (bone marrow) and the Shukra (reproductive tissue).
Three main waste products are Mutra (urine), Purish (faeces) and Sweda (sweat).
Prakriti [Body Constitution]
There are two types of Constitutions of our body
1) Deha Prakriti (Body Constitution)
Every individual has a unique combination of the three doshas- Vata, Pitta and Kapha. To understand individuality is the foundation of Diagnosis and Treatment in Ayurveda.
Humans are endowed at birth with one of seven different body types, depending on which dosha or combination of the three basic doshas dominate.
Body types can be dominated by a single humor (vata, pitta, or kapha), or they can be dominated by combinations: vata-kapha (when vata and kapha are present in almost equal amounts); vata-pitta; pitta-kapha; and vata-pitta-kapha (when all three doshas are present in almost equal amounts)
2) Mana Prakriti (Mental Constitution)
A person’s dosha type is expressed emotionally as well . Vedic philosophy classifies human temperaments into three basic qualities: satva, rajas and tamas.
Relative predominance of satva, rajas, or tamas is responsible for individual psychological constitution
Benefits Of Knowing Your Prakriti
Personal analysis of Prakriti helps you know about your body and its requirements
Knowing your Prakriti can help you maintain optimal health.
It will help you to maintain a good and balanced personal, family and professional life
Helps you to plan your lifestyle according to the requirements of your body
Prakriti analysis will help you plan a balanced diet
Dr Shalini Singh