medifitindia' Post

Placental Cord Blood Cell Banking

Placental Cord Blood Banking is the storage of stem cells from placenta from a baby’s birth. Usually, following delivery, the umbilical cord, cord-blood and placenta are typically discarded as medical waste. Cord-Cells are special cells in umbilical cord that are present in bone-marrow. Placental stem cells are non-embryonic stem cells. Both placenta and umbilical cord are good sources of stem-cells.

HISTORY The first clinically

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Olfaction – The Sense Of Smell

Introduction

  • Sensation arising from nasal cavity following stimulation of the olfactory epithelium by volatile compounds.
  • One of neglected sense  (Limited accessibility, limited theoretical knowledge, belief that it’s not important in man)
  • Helps to protect from harmful substances such as environmental contaminants, spoilt food. It is livelihood of cooks, wine tasters, firefighters, chemists etc.
  • Unique in CNS

Only part in direct contact with environment

Ability to regenerate lost neurons

Potential damage

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Insulinomas – A detailed study

Although rare, insulinomas are the most common functioning islet cell tumor of the pancreas. This tumor secretes excessive amounts of insulin. Recognition of the key neuroglycopenic symptoms should trigger the initial investigation. Biochemical proof of endogenous hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia establishes the diagnosis and helps to rule out other conditions of hypoglycemia. Several options are available for imaging and localizing these tumors including ultrasonography, computed

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Clinical Drug Development

Pharmacology is the science of drugs. In the broad sense, it deals with the interaction of exogenously administered chemical molecules with living systems.

Drug therapy is a dynamic process. When a Drug product is administered, absorption usually proceeds over a finite time interval and distribution, metabolism and excretion of drug and its metabolite proceed conitusily at various rates. The relative rate of these ADME

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Candidosis – The Major fungal Opportunistic disease / infection

Fungi are important agents of human disease. Amongst the most important fungal pathogens are yeast species belonging to the genus Candida. These species can cause a wide range of human diseases ranging from superficial mucosal infections, such as vulvovaginal (VVC) and oropharyngeal candidosis (OPC), to life-threatening invasive infections. In the majority of cases OPC and systemic infections occur only in individuals who are

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Allopathy – Dermatology

The word dermatology is derived from the French word ‘dermatologie’ and the latin word ‘dermatologia’. Dermatology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of skin.

Dermatology as a science has long been part of internal medicine, till 19th century when it started evolving as a separate field from internal medicine. Since ancient times the description of various alteration in the

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Prevention – Infection

Infection causes around 15 per cent of cancer worldwide and is potentially preventable . This proportion is greater in the developing world, where an estimated 22 per cent of cancer has an infectious cause.

Hepatitis B immunization in children has significantly reduced the incidence of infection in China, Korea and West Africa. Shortly we will see if it has reduced the incidence of hepatoma,

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Prevention – Diet

Dietary modification could result in a further 30 per cent reduction across the board. The problem is refining the educational message and getting it right in different communities.

Changing our current high-fat, low-fibre diet with a low fruit and vegetable intake is a common theme for cancer prevention. But many features of the modern Western diet are now being adapted globally as branded fast-food

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Prevention – Tobacco

Optimal use of current knowledge could reduce the overall cancer incidence by at least 3 million. Tobacco control is the most urgent need.  We need to look for longterm solutions here.

The politics of tobacco is a complex conspiratorial web ot industrialists, farmers, manufacturers, politicians and the pensions business, all looking after their own interests.

Reduce cigarette consumption in many countries Jnd the economy simply

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Epidemiology

The global incidence of cancer is soaring due to the rapid increase in the number of elderly people in most countries By the year 2020, there will be 20 million new cancer patient each year, and 70 per cent of them will live in countries tha collectively will have less than 5 per cent of the world resources for cancer control . We

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